Wednesday, August 26, 2020

The Art of Rhetoric in the Metamorphoses Free Essays

The Art of Rhetoric in the Metamorphoses Among the various entries canvassed in The Metamorphoses of Ovid, there are numerous accounts with respect to the starting points of the Earth, the exercises of the Roman divine beings, and some of Rome’s critical rulers and authors. Inside every one of these accounts, Ovid infuses a general thought that can be detracted from the content. A large number of these general thoughts are subjects and exercises, yet in addition there are expressions that are delineated to the peruser, for example, verse, singing, or weaving. We will compose a custom paper test on The Art of Rhetoric in the Metamorphoses or on the other hand any comparable theme just for you Request Now One thought specifically that Ovid depicts is the craft of Rhetoric in Greco-Roman culture. Talk was utilized in Greco-Roman culture regularly as a methods for assembling words in a specific request to convince or illuminate your crowd regarding a particular thought. The two stories with respect to the conversation among Ajax and Ulysses over Achilles reinforcement epitomizes the possibility of talk. Ovid utilizes the scenes of Ajax and Ulysses in book thirteen f the Metamorphoses to represent to the perusers the craft of talk. Ovid draws upon past writings shrouded in class, for example, Homer’s Odyssey and Virgil’s Aeneid to shape a portion of his accounts in the Metamorphoses. In any case, Ovid’s style of composing is very different than that of Homer and Virgil. Homer and Virgil both expound on post Trojan War occasions, however from two alternate points of view, the Greeks and the Trojans separately. In spite of their distinction in context, their style is the equivalent in that the two of them center around the glorification of war. The two of them depict fierce occasions strikingly and offer acclaim to war legends. Ovid, then again, discusses certain parts in the Odyssey and the Aeneid that Homer and Virgil didn't talk about, for example, the salvage of Achaemenides, the crew member Ulysses abandoned on the island of Polyphemus, in book fourteen. Ovid appears to excuse the glorification of war and quickly ignore savage scenes or depict them in an alternate, increasingly amusing, way. Or maybe Ovid centers around expressions of the human experience of Greco-Roman culture. Ovid centers around accounts of Mythology concerning verse, singing, creating, and even the craft of talk. Talk is â€Å"the study and practice of successful communication,† (Nordquist). There are three kinds of talk utilized: epideictic, legal, and deliberative. These three parts of talk can be utilized in different manners to impart to your crowd. Epideictic talk is the remembrance or fault of a person. Epideictic talk is frequently utilized in â€Å"funeral discourses, tribute, graduation and retirement addresses, letters of suggestion, and assigning talks at political conventions,† (Nordquist). Legal talk is â€Å"primarily utilized by attorneys in preliminaries chose by an appointed authority or jury,† (Nordquist). Deliberative talk is the utilization of correspondence to convince or prevent an individual or crowd of an announcement or activity. Ovid doesn't just utilize the three parts of talk be that as it may, he likewise shows the utilization of a strategy called intensification and minimization through Ajax and Ulysses which is basically enhancing acceptable characteristics and limiting terrible characteristics. The procedure of enhancement and minimization goes connected at the hip with deliberative and epideictic talk. Ovid utilizes every one of the three parts of talk in his accounts of Ajax and Ulysses to exhibit their contentions and to delineate the craft of talk itself. The greater part of Ovid’s outline of talk is contained inside the narratives of Ajax and Ulysses in book thirteen. After the Trojan War is finished, the Greeks put aside Achilles’ reinforcement and choose, through a discussion, who the recipient of the defensive layer will be. The two in banter over the covering are Ajax and Ulysses. Both utilize deliberative talk as their methods for convincing the crowd to conclude who will keep the defensive layer, however they utilize different branches also to fortify their contention. The conversation between the two in general is a deliberative and legal talk fight, however both utilize epideictic talk to reinforce their positions. Ajax is the first to introduce his contention. Quickly Ajax utilizes epideictic talk by defaming Ulysses’ activities, â€Å"he was one who didn't spare a moment to beat retreat when he had to confront the lights Hector tossed, while I withstood those lethal blazes: the armada was just safeguarded as a result of me,† (Ovid 427). Ajax gives proof that Ulysses was a quitter by uncovering his retreat despite Hector. He additionally utilizes enhancement and minimization to show how adverse it was that Ulysses fled, and how extraordinary it was that Ajax held his position. Ajax at that point utilizes another epideictic articulation when he gets his legacy: And regardless of whether you were to question my boldness, it’s I who guarantee the nobler genealogy. I am the child of Telamon, the companion who helped the solid Hercules obliterate the dividers of Troy and, at that point, in Jason’s transport, cruised off and arrived at the inaccessible bank of Colchis. Also, Telamon was conceived of Aeacus, who is an adjudicator whitin the quiet worldâ€precisely in where Sisyphus, the child of Aeolus, must battle with the heaviness of his incredible stone; and Aeacus was conceived of Joveâ€as Jove himself concedes. (Ovid 427-428) Once again Ajax draws upon a component that will expand his deservingness. All through the remainder of his introduction, Ajax constantly utilizes epideictic talk to honor his activities and malign those of Ulysses. The utilization of just one element of the three parts of talk by Ajax shows that the body of his introduction is offending Ulysses. This debilitates Ajax’s contention, â€Å"Many novice rhetors consider banter a ‘us-versus-them’ kind of issue, and that the perusers who differ are the foe whose second rate contentions must be ground into the earth. In like manner, they erroneously accept that criticizing or assaulting these mixed up convictions is the best method to ‘win’ the argument,† (Wheeler). The consistent affront reduce in an incentive in their various amounts. Ulysses is lucky to introduce after Ajax. Ajax is off guard in light of his enthusiasm to introduce first. This allows Ulysses to assemble his contention and furthermore turn what Ajax says against him. Ulysses starts in an alternate way. Ulysses establishes the pace of dismalness by reviewing Achilles, â€Å"If things had gone as you and I had wished, o Greeks, we would cap ask who ought to prevail to this uncommon weaponry; Achilles, you’d still have your arms, and we would even now have you,† (Ovid 432). Ulysses utilizes epideictic talk not to devalue Ajax’s deeds, yet to respect Achilles as one does at a burial service. Not long after Ulysses respects Achilles, he starts to reinforce his picture through increasingly epideictic talk similarly as Ajax did. Ulysses draws upon his own genealogy on page 433 professing to be descendent of Jove as well as Mercury also. He likewise limits Ajax’s heredity by guaranteeing that one of Ajax’s progenitors was a banished criminal. Ulysses at that point proceeds onward to state, â€Å"Just judge by deedsâ€and deeds alone . . . it’s just one’s worth that weighs,† (Ovid 433). Ulysses routs Ajax’s contention about his family relationship to Achilles, however then cases that the victor ought to be dictated by his activities not his outside merchandise. Aristotle, in Nicomachean Ethics, discusses the significance of outer merchandise, however he says that the products of the brain (deeds and activities) are progressively significant. So Ulysses proceeds to give a bunch of good deeds he has performed, for example, persuading Achilles to come back to fight, going as a diplomat into Troy to attempt to arrange the arrival of Helen, the arrangement for the Trojan pony, and inducing the warriors and Ajax with fearlessness when they ere near the precarious edge of retreat. As a sum, Ajax is just ready to spill affront and discussion down about Ulysses, however Ulysses can battle all of Ajax’s abuse and turn them against him. Additionally going second plays into Ulysses’ favor since Ajax has no open door for counter while Ulysses does. In this manner Ulysses is proclaimed the victor of the contention and wins based on his expository abilities. Ovid offers more appreciation to the fight between two rhetors than he does to two warriors obviously through the extraordinary detail he goes into in the conversation among Ulysses and Ajax. Rather than portraying incredible fierce fight scenes, he delineates an extraordinary talk contention between two people. Ovid quickly addresses the Trojan War itself, yet takes incredible measure in delineating the utilization of talk in the conversation after the War. List of sources Ovid, Metamorphoses Nordquist, Richard. About. com, â€Å"Rhetoric. † Accessed November 28, 2011. http://sentence structure. about. com/od/rs/g/rhetoricterm. htm. Wheeler, Dr. L. Kip. â€Å"Rhetoric. † Last changed September 26,2011. Gotten to November 28, 2011. http://web. cn. edu/kwheeler/resource_rhet. html. The most effective method to refer to The Art of Rhetoric in the Metamorphoses, Papers

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Ozone Essays - Gases, Greenhouse Gases, Ultraviolet Radiation

Ozone Ozone gets from the greek word ozein which intends to smell. It was first found in 1839 by Christian Friedrick Schonbein who saw it as a result of its particular bitter smell. He found this at the College of Basel in Switzerland. Ozone is only oxygen, however not the type we breath. Ozone, O3 has three mixes while oxygen has just two. Ozone is reac-tive, which means it doesn't remain still, and needs to return to its unique state, with two mixes, O2. This is the reason ozone is hurtful. Ozone consistently needs to relinquish its third compound, and if this compound responds with different substances, it could be harming, particularly to people. While examining with the ozone layer, one should know the four significant environment levels on earth. The troposphere which is among zero and fifteen kilometers in elevation and has gum based paint ture ranges from two hundred to 200 ninety kelvins. The second is the stratosphere which ranges from fifteen to approxi-mately fifty kilometers in height furthermore, has temperature ranges from 200 to 200 fifty kelvins. The third level in the environment is mesosphere. This level extents from fifty to eighty-five kilometers in height and has temperature ranges between one hundred eighty and 200 fifty kelvins. At long last, the thermosphere is the last level in the climate. It's range is eighty-five to one hundred forty kilometers and furthermore temperatures as high as 400 sixty kelvins. Society has been broadly tended to with the numerous issues that we are having in our condition today. A significant issue is that of CFCs. CFC represents Chlorofluorocarbons which are found in a large number of the vaporized splash jars. In December of 1973, Rowland and Molina found that CFCs can demolish the ozone in the stratosphere. In June 1975, the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) sued the Purchasers Product Safety Commission for a band of CFCs utilized in vaporized splash jars. US's fifth biggest makers of airborne splashes declared that they will decrease the measure of CFCs utilized in there items. However, as things began to improve, The Consumer Product Safety Commission dismissed NRDC's claim in July expressing that there was inadequate proof towards the measure of mischief the CFCs were doing to the ozone layer. On September 1976, a report was discharged which re-authorized Rowland and Molina's speculation, yet in addition expressed that the administer ment activity on CFC guidelines ought to be delayed. This report likewise expressed that the CFCs can start climatic changes and add to the warming of the world's environment, i.e., the nursery impact. May 1977, a few government organizations declared joint intends to confine, in any case, not take out employments of CFCs in vaporized splash jars. Be that as it may, on February of the next year, the administration chose to defer the guidelines on CFCs utilized in refrigeration, cooling, solvents, and other modern procedures. With all the new guidelines taking effect and being deferred, nothing was getting practiced, yet at long last, on October 1978, mist concentrates where restricted in the United States. August of 1981, satellite pictures indicated that more than one percent of the ozone was lost because of CFCs. At that point, in October of 1984, explore gatherings discovered a 40% loss of ozone over Antarctica. In August of 1985, satellite photographs affirmed the presence of an ozone gap over Antarctica. Despite the fact that many were attempting to lessen the measure of CFCs in their items, there were still some out there who needed to make the quick buck. February 1988, three US representatives asked Du Pont to quit making CFCs however the executive denied the mentioned. After three weeks, the director consents to ease assembling of synthetics, however just when substitutes were accessible. Eight of every a million of the generally dispersed atoms are ozone in our environment - this is what is liable for the ascending of temperature. Ozone takes in ultra-violet beams when they originate from the sun and changes over the radiation to warmth and compound vitality. The ozone layer additionally seals earth from the a significant number of the other ground-breaking radiation beams that the sun gives off. Parting of oxygen particles relies on the exceptional radiation, along these lines, the best ozone creation is over the tropics. The ozone is risky to us in light of the fact that is causes numerous kinds of skin malignant growth, for example, threatening melanoma- - a dangerous disease which makes demise forty percent of every single recorded instance of malignancy. Numerous individuals anticipate that the ozone layer would cause thirty thousand skin tumors just in the United States alone, and more than 500,000 around the world. Malignant growth, however, is as it were one of

Tuesday, August 18, 2020

Whats the Difference Between Exempt and Non-Exempt Workers

What’s the Difference Between Exempt and Non-Exempt Workers There are a number of terms in the employment world you must learn to understand in order to navigate in it.If you want to offer the best deals to your employees or you want to sign a good employment contract that doesn’t include surprises, one of the most crucial terms to understand are the concepts of exempt and non-exempt workers. The terms are only separated by a prefix but it could mean a big difference in what you take home from the work you do. So, let’s look at what exempt and non-exempt employees are all about and what the difference means to you and your employment contract. IT ALL BOILS DOWN TO OVERTIMEBefore examining the concept in more detail, the most crucial thing to understand about the two concepts is their difference in overtime payments. The most significant variation is that as an exempt worker, you won’t be entitled to receive paid overtime â€" hence the name. If you are a non-exempt worker, then you will be entitled to normal paid overtime.The details of the paid overtime will naturally depend on your country and state legislation. Who determines whether you are an exempt or non-exempt worker will also depend on the legislation. As you’ll see later, there are restrictions on who receives paid overtime and who doesn’t.So let’s examine the concepts closer to understand what the diff erences are.EXEMPT EMPLOYEESLet’s start with exempt employees because they are the workers who are exempt from overtime payment. If an employee is deemed exempt, the employer won’t be required to pay them overtime. It will essentially be the employer’s discretion whether they pay for overtime hours or not. Therefore, exempt workers might receive overtime payments; they just aren’t legally qualified to receive them automatically.In some situations, employers might choose to provide other benefits to the employee. These could be extra perks like better healthcare options, free lunches, ability to work from home and so on.Aside from being exempt from overtime payments and regulations, exempt employees are often also not entitled to the minimum wage. This is because exempt employees are paid a salary rather than an hourly wage â€" instead of the contract outlining that you need to work an X amount of hours and you’ll receive $10 an hour, the exempt worker’s contract will sta te the hours or tasks part of the job and the monthly salary â€"$2,500/month, for example.When determining whether an employee is exempt or not there are three conditions that must be met. If these three conditions are met, then the employee can be classed as exempt and not receive minimum wage or overtime pay.Job dutiesSalary levelSalary basisThe jobs typically part of the exempt group are known as the ‘white collar exemptions’. This term refers to job groups that perform tasks as:Executives â€" Typically any employee that supervises two or more employees and who has the power to hire, fire or assign work tasks.Administrators â€" The most common examples of exempt administrative workers include operational staff such as HR, accounting and marketing professionals.Professionals â€" These are employees who engage in intense intellectual work and include job titles such as art and creative professions, as well lawyers, engineers and computer professionals.There are further job duty qualifications to determine whether the employee is exempt or not. For example, if you are an administrator but you only manage two independent contractors, you wouldn’t qualify. These detailed job duties can be found from the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). Some other examples include the movie theatre and recreational park employees, airline personnel and seamen, for instance.The second qualifying factor deals with the salary. An exempt employee must receive a fixed salary. A fixed salary would mean the salary couldn’t reduce depending on the quality or quantity of the work the person performs. So, regardless of the number of days or hours the person works, the salary must remain constant â€" with a few exceptions.Finally, the exempt employee must receive a salary beyond a certain minimum threshold. Currently, the FLSA rules state the employee must make at least $23,660 a year or $455 a week in order to meet this threshold. There was a proposal to raise this to $47,476 a yea r but that ruling is currently pending.So, if the above three conditions are met, the worker will be considered as exempt. If one or all of the conditions are not met, the person will be classified as non-exempt. It’s important to understand that employers must have a logical and legal argument, based on the above points, in order to classify a worker exempt.NON-EXEMPT EMPLOYEESWhat about the non-exempt employees? What kinds of conditions determine their status? As a non-exempt employee, the person must receive at least the minimum wage for all the hours he or she works â€" including overtime pay for excess hours. While exempt workers need to meet certain conditions, non-exempt employees are generally all the workers who don’t meet those conditions. In the US, the minimum federal salary is currently $7.25, with some states having a higher minimum salary set.Although non-exempt employees generally receive hourly pay, the employers can choose to pay a salary instead. However, unli ke the exempt workers, the non-exempt will also receive an applicable payment for any overtime they work. In practice, anyone receiving an hourly pay will always be classified as non-exempt.Non-exempt workers are often more under scrutiny in terms of the tasks they perform during the workday. Since you are paid by the hour, you are expected to work during those hours and not have conversations with your colleagues around the water cooler. If you are constantly pushing yourself to overtime, the employer might start wondering what you are doing â€" they will have certain expectations in terms of what you can achieve during the normal work hours.The overtime must be paid according to the law. Under current US federal law, the non-exempt employee who works over 40 hours in a workweek, must receive 1.5 times his or her regular rate of pay for the overtime hours. So, if a non-exempt worker works for 50 hours a week, they will receive a normal rate of pay for the 40 hours and 1.5 times the normal rate for the extra 10 hours.Furthermore, non-exempt workers can have better protection from national and local laws. In the US, the Department of Labor’s Federal Minimum Wage and Agricultural Employment law specifically targets non-exempt employees. For the employers, the non-exempt status often means stricter recordkeeping requirements â€" this is specifically in terms of the work hour records of the employee.WHAT DOES THAT MEAN TO YOU?In fact, what does this mean to employees and employers?The employee â€" what’s the deal?As an employee, if you are exempt, you will be expected to perform the duties listed in your contract whether or not your job takes 35 or 55 hours. You can’t expect to be paid extra â€" you will receive a pre-determined salary and any additional benefits the employer provides, but you won’t legally be entitled to overtime pay. As mentioned above, your employer might provide it but it is at the company’s discretion, not mandated by the law.This m eans you’re expected to perform your duties as mentioned in your job contract and you’ll receive the salary you’ve agreed in the contract. If your duties require more work than the hours agreed on your contract, you can’t expect any extra pay.On the other hand, as a non-exempt worker, you will be paid at least the minimum hourly rate â€" or any other hourly rate you’ve agreed in the contract â€"and a different rate for any overtime you do. If it takes you longer to perform the required tasks, then the employer will have to pay you for those extra hours you work. You might be paid a salary or receive your pay based on the hourly rate â€" naturally, the employer can provide any other extra benefits they want.Generally, exempt workers receive a higher salary on average, which might make you want to pursue exempt status. This is because there is an expectation that you’ll perform your duties whether or not it pays extra and therefore, the employer is prepared to pay more upf ront.However, whether the non-exempt or exempt status is the right for you, is really down to personal preference and your current situation. As you could see from the different conditions associated with exempt status it might not always be even up to you or the employer â€" law is the law. It is, of course, helpful to understand the employment laws before you sign the contract.In terms of unemployment benefits, you are generally entitled to the same payments whether you’ve been an exempt or non-exempt employee.The employer â€" what’s the deal?For the employer, the difference is more evident in terms of the rights of the employee. As mentioned above, the non-exempt workers might have better protection under the law and the record-keeping responsibilities are often more rigorous.For example, an employer doesn’t have to keep an official record of the hours an exempt worker works. Of course, the minimum wage is something the employer has to account for in the case of non-exempt workers. With exempt workers, the salary can be set according to industry standards and the employer’s wishes and capabilities.However, it must be noted there are general health and safety laws that naturally apply to all workers in the workplace. Furthermore, laws such as equal employment and child labor laws are in place whether you are a non-exempt or an exempt worker.Since employers have to pay more for non-exempt workers in terms of overtime (remember the salary for these hours has to be 1.5x the normal rate), it helps them to try to avoid overtime. On the other hand, in terms of exempt employees, the employer always knows how much they have to pay each month â€" the salary can’t go up even if the employee has to stay for longer hours.THE BOTTOM LINEThe difference between exempt and non-exempt workers is essentially down to the level of responsibility in the particular job. It’s also often an indication of the person’s status as a professional. It most clearly shows in the payment and especially in the overtime payment structure. While exempt workers are not qualified for overtime payments, it doesn’t really mean their salaries are worse â€" in fact, it is often the opposite.Since the conditions to qualify as an exempt worker are signed into law, as an employer or an employee you won’t have much say over what your status will be. Nonetheless, these concepts are important to know when it comes to understanding your employee contract.

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Macbeth and Lady Macbeth Character Analysis - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 3 Words: 827 Downloads: 3 Date added: 2019/02/20 Category Literature Essay Level High school Tags: Macbeth Essay Did you like this example? Macbeth and Lady Macbeth develop as charters overtime in the story. From normal people who have good morals who have a friend who they could trust and were generally good people. Over the time in the story, things start to change in the personality on both Macbeth and Lady Macbeth. They start to become insane and do some very questionable thing, But how does it start and why did they do the things they do. Guilt is shown throughout the story of Macbeth. Macbeth had to think a lot about the choice he making that decision and his thought are screwed by his guilty conscience. Macbeth guilt and ambition begins when he gets a prophecy from the Three Witch telling him that he would be king. The guilt and madness show at the beginning when he starts to kill people. Hes guilty before when he decides to kill his best friend and after that, hes guilty because hes gone and killed his best friend and hes guilty of this crime. Another form of internal conflict is when Macbeth says, Im not gonna go anymore: Im afraid to think what Ive done. This shows that Macbeth regrets his decision after killing Duncan. He says he can not go back and hes afraid hes thinking about what hes done. This demonstrates that he feels guilty about what he did and can not go back in time. Another example of guilt in Macbeth is he start seeing things. â€Å"Is this a dagger which I see before me, The handle toward my hand ? Come, let me clutch thee. I have thee not, and yet I see thee still. Art thou not, fatal vision, sensible To feeling as to sight? Or art thou but A dagger of the mind, a false creation, Proceeding from the heat-oppressed brain?† where he hallucinates a bloody dagger, one of many supernatural portents before and after he murders King Duncan. Macbeth is so consumed by guilt that hes not even sure whats real. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Macbeth and Lady Macbeth Character Analysis" essay for you Create order The main downfall of Macbeth is his great ambitions or lust for becoming king. It starts at the same time as when his guilt does when he meets the Three Witches. This prophecy changes the Macbeth from a normal person to Macbeth’s ambitions completely alter his morals and his social skills in a sense. Macbeth is filled with the knowledge of being king Because of Macbeth’s ambitions this will result in Macbeth committing murder while completely neglecting his morals. He even asks himself as to why he thinks that murder will be the answer to his desires to be king; â€Å"All causes shall give way. I am in blood Stepped in so far that, should I wade no more, Returning were as tedious as go oer.†. his thought of murder is not intentional as he questions his own imagination, rather it is caused by his natural desires and ambition, which is not under his control. In pursuit of his desires, Macbeth is completely blinded by his lust for power and discounts his morals an d former traits, which ultimately bring him to his ruin. In conclusion, guilt is displayed through various representations in the play. The theme of guilt is expressed by Lady Macbeth, through blood imagery and Macbeth’s internal conflict. Guilt is a major factor in people’s lives and will continue to haunt the characters of Macbeth for a long time. Guilt can be a result of many things, as it is a feeling that remains forever. Usually, this feeling occurs when an offense, crime, violation or wrongful act is committed. It is the feeling of responsibility for this poor action that has been committed. Macbeth commits this poor action just to be happy, but in the end, he was only left with much remorse. What hands are here? They pluck out my eyes After all Macbeth has done he wants to be blind so he cannot see what he has done. He Just wants to undo anything and everything he has done to become king. In the start of the story he was normal but after every killing, Every assassination attempt, all advances toward him getting the crown. â€Å"I have no spur To prick the sides of my intent, but only Vaulting ambition, which oerleaps itself And falls on the other† Even Macbeth he admits that theres no good reason to kill Duncan. Macbeth just wants that power for himself. This is another example that he is slowly moving towards the line of insanity, it starts to affect him throughout the story after every single murder he was responsible for. As you read the story you see signs that some are changing in Lady Macbeth and Macbeth, they both start losing sleep, start imagining things, start thinking like hungry wolves looking for some food. The prophecy that gave them a glimpse of power ultimately brought them to ruin, and the guilt that their action ultimately brought them to ruin.

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Solutions to the Clean Water Shortage Essay - 592 Words

Solutions to the Clean Water Shortage Solution 1 The creation and development of desalination plants is a widely implemented solution to the clean water shortage. However, there are many reasons why it would be a good idea and some about why it would not. Pros Desalination would give us the clean water that many nations need. Many regions, particularly the Arabian peninsula, Australia, northern Africa, and South and Central Asia. It will also provide us with an extremely large source of water. Cons Desalination plants are expensive and is generally only affordable in middle or high income nations. The poorer countries do not have the funds to build and run desalination plants. The clean water shortage, however is shown more clearly in†¦show more content†¦Greenhouse gases will add to the already worrying problem of Earth’s increased temperature and the greenhouse effect. Also, in the long run, if desalination occurs at a high rate for the next few centuries, eventually the ocean would run dry. It will take a very long time, but it will. The ocean contains a vast amount of water, however it is not unlimited it and it will take centuries for the ocean to replenish and on top of that, it will upset the delicate balance within the biosphere. Solution 2 Recycling is also a solution that has been implemented in some areas and is under discussion in many others. Recycling wastewater is the use of recycled and treated wastewater for agricultural, industrial and economical uses. Pros There are many pros to recycling water, and one of the best is that it saves drinking water. Also, greywater-which is slightly used household water other than toilet water- has been proved to be beneficial to plants, more so than drinking water. Grey Water usually contains nitrogen or phosphorus, which are plant nutrients. The use of wastewater would further preserve the limited amount of clean drinking water. Also, reusing greywater keeps it out of the sewage system, which decreases the possibility that the greywater will end up in streams, lakes and ponds. In turn, it reduces the pollution in those areas which is good for the environment. Recycling wastewaterShow MoreRelatedEngineering Challenges: Provide Access to Clean Water1506 Words   |  7 PagesGrand Challenges for Engineering: Provide Access to Clean Water Introduction By Osama Al zoubi From the beginning of life, human beings have always faced challenges and difficulties in their lives. However, what is unique about humans is their ability to adapt and find solutions to these challenges. Engineering has always been the key and the most influential element to the survival of humanity in the face of the unending challenges. 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People may not think about it much, but water is very vital to life. Roughly about 97% of the earth is covered with saltwater. Yet, only 2.5% of the earth’s surface is covered with fresh water. The global water crisis is a major problem in the world, and most people are not doing much to conserve the water that is available. The world is in a high demand of water, yet there is not much water available

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Indigo Spell Chapter Fifteen Free Essays

MS. TERWILLIGER WAS WAITING in the lobby when Julia and I returned to the dorm. â€Å"Seriously. We will write a custom essay sample on The Indigo Spell Chapter Fifteen or any similar topic only for you Order Now Do you have a tracking device on me?† I asked. Julia took one look at our teacher’s serious expression and quickly made an exit. â€Å"Just excellent timing,† Ms. Terwilliger replied. â€Å"I understand you have news.† â€Å"Surprisingly, yes.† Ms. Terwilliger’s face was hard as she led me back outside to more privacy and yet another top secret outdoor meeting. These days, she hardly resembled the scattered, hippie teacher I’d met when I first started at Amberwood. â€Å"Tell me the news,† she ordered. I told her about Alicia’s call, and her dismayed expression didn’t really inspire me. I’d kind of hoped she’d reveal some amazing, foolproof plan she’d secretly been concocting. â€Å"Well, then,† she said once I’d finished. â€Å"I suppose I’ll have to go out there.† â€Å"I’ll go out there,† I corrected. She favored me with a small smile. â€Å"You’ve done more than enough. It’s time I step up and deal with Veronica.† â€Å"But you sent me to that place before.† â€Å"When we weren’t even sure where it was or what she was doing there. This time, we have an eyewitness confirming she’s there right now. I can’t waste this opportunity.† She glanced at a clock near the door and sighed. â€Å"I’d go tonight if I could but haven’t made the necessary preparations. I’ll start working on them now and go in tomorrow evening. Hopefully I won’t miss her again.† â€Å"No.† The defiance in my voice surprised even me. I didn’t contradict teachers – or any kind of authority – very often. Okay, never. â€Å"She eluded us before. Let us scout it out. You don’t want to tip your hand yet, just in case something goes wrong. You’ll be ready tomorrow night? Then let us go in the day . . . I mean, provided someone could get me out of school. . . .† A little of that tension faded, and she laughed. â€Å"I suppose I could do that. I hate that I keep putting you in danger, though.† â€Å"We passed that point a long time ago.† She couldn’t argue against that logic. I made arrangements for Adrian to pick me up the next day – after first scolding â€Å"Jet† for giving out â€Å"Taylor’s† number. When morning came, Ms. Terwilliger was true to her word. I’d been excused from classes for a â€Å"research trip.† The thing about being a star pupil was that none of my teachers had any problems with me skipping classes. They knew I’d get the work done. I probably could’ve taken the rest of the semester off. During the drive, I told Adrian that I’d managed to score a trip to St. Louis in order to pursue Marcus’s daunting task. Adrian’s expression grew darker and darker, but he stayed silent on the matter. I knew what a conflict it was for him. He didn’t like Marcus. He didn’t like me taking on this potentially dangerous mission. However, he also trusted me to make my own decisions. Contradicting me or telling me what to do wasn’t in his nature – even though he secretly may have wanted to. His only comment was one of support. â€Å"Be careful, Sage. For God’s sake, be careful. I’ve seen you pull off some crazy shit, but this is extreme, even for you. You’re probably the only one who can manage this, but still . . . don’t let your guard down, even for a moment.† When I told him about how I was hoping to use Ian to get more in-depth access, Adrian’s troubled look turned to one of incredulity. â€Å"Hold on here. Let me make sure I’m following this. You’re going to seduce some guy to help you with your espionage.† Seduce Ian? Ugh. â€Å"Don’t jump to conclusions,† I warned. â€Å"I’m just going to try to use his feelings for me to get what I want.† â€Å"Wow. Cold, Sage. Very cold.† â€Å"Hey, now.† I felt a little indignant at the accusation. â€Å"I’m not going to promise to marry him or something and then dump him later. He wrote me about going to dinner when I’m there. We’ll have a nice time, and I’ll try to talk him into letting me tour the facility. That’s it.† â€Å"And ‘talking him into it’ doesn’t involve putting out?† I glared at him and hoped he could see me in his periphery. â€Å"Adrian. Do I really seem like the kind of person who’d do that?† â€Å"Well – † He stopped, and I suspected he’d held back from some snarky comment. â€Å"No, I suppose not. Certainly not with a guy like him. Did you get a dress?† Here we were again, Adrian randomly jumping topics. â€Å"For dinner and the service? I’ve got plenty.† â€Å"I guess that answers my question.† He seemed to wage a great mental battle. At last, he said, â€Å"I’m going to give you some advice.† â€Å"Oh no.† He looked over at me again. â€Å"Who knows more about male weakness: you or me?† â€Å"Go on.† I refused to directly answer the question. â€Å"Get a new dress. One that shows a lot of skin. Short. Strapless. Maybe a push-up bra too.† He actually had the audacity to do a quick assessment of my chest. â€Å"Eh, maybe not. But definitely some high heels.† â€Å"Adrian,† I exclaimed. â€Å"You’ve seen how Alchemists dress. Do you think I can really wear something like that into a church service?† He was unconcerned. â€Å"You’ll make it work. You’ll change clothes or something. But I’m telling you, if you want to get a guy to do something that might be difficult, then the best way is to distract him so that he can’t devote his full brainpower to the consequences.† â€Å"You don’t have a lot of faith in your own gender.† â€Å"Hey, I’m telling you the truth. I’ve been distracted by sexy dresses a lot.† I didn’t really know if that was a valid argument, seeing as Adrian was distracted by a lot of things. Fondue. T-shirts. Kittens. â€Å"And so, what then? I show some skin, and the world is mine?† â€Å"That’ll help.† Amazingly, I could tell he was dead serious. â€Å"And you’ve gotta act confident the whole time, like it’s already a done deal. Then make sure when you’re actually asking for what you want that you tell him you’d be ‘so, so grateful.’ But don’t elaborate. His imagination will do half the work for you. â€Å" I shook my head, glad we’d almost reached our destination. I didn’t know how much more I could listen to. â€Å"This is the most ridiculous advice I’ve ever heard. It’s also kind of sexist too, but I can’t decide who it offends more, men or women.† â€Å"Look, Sage. I don’t know much about chemistry or computer hacking or photosynthery but this is something I’ve got a lot of experience with.† I think he meant photosynthesis, but I didn’t correct him. â€Å"Use my knowledge. Don’t let it go to waste.† He seemed so earnest that I finally told him I’d consider it, though I had a hard time imagining myself wearing anything like he’d described. My answer satisfied him, and he said no more. When we reached the bed-and-breakfast, I put on the brown wig so that we could be Taylor and Jet again. I braced myself as we approached the door. â€Å"Who knows what we’re walking into?† I murmured. I’d been very brave while speaking to Ms. Terwilliger, but the reality that I might be going right up to an evil sorceress was sinking in. I had yet to develop the ability to sense magic in others, so I could very well be taken by surprise if she had a way to hide her appearance too. All I could do was have faith that Adrian’s spirit and Ms. Terwilliger’s charm would mask me. If Veronica was there, we’d just seem like an ordinary couple. I hoped. Alicia was reading another magazine when we walked in. She still sported the same hipster glasses and clutter of gaudy necklaces. Her face lit up when she saw us. â€Å"You’re back.† Adrian’s arm immediately went around me. â€Å"Well, when we heard Veronica was in town again, we wanted to come see her right away. Right, honeydew?† â€Å"Right,† I said. At least he was going with healthier nicknames today. â€Å"Oh.† Alicia’s sunny smile dimmed a little. â€Å"She just left.† â€Å"You have got to be kidding,† I said. How could our luck be this bad? â€Å"So, she checked out?† â€Å"No, she’s still renting out the Velvet Suite. I think she was just running errands. But. . . .† She turned sheepish. â€Å"I may have, uh, ruined the surprise.† â€Å"Oh?† I asked very carefully. I felt Adrian’s hold on me tense, but there was nothing romantic about it. â€Å"I couldn’t resist. I told her she might have some unexpected visitors soon. Good visitors,† she added. â€Å"I wanted to make sure she didn’t stay out too long.† â€Å"That’s very nice of you,† said Adrian. His smile looked as strained as mine felt. In trying to â€Å"help† us, Alicia might very well have ruined everything. What did we do now? I was saved from an immediate decision when a middle-aged woman walked through the door. â€Å"Hello,† she told Alicia. â€Å"I wanted to get some information about hosting a wedding here. For my niece.† â€Å"Of course,† said Alicia, glancing back and forth between all of us. She looked a little flustered over who to help, and I was quick to jump in. â€Å"Hey,† I said. â€Å"Since we’re here, can we look at the Bunny Suite again? We can’t stop talking about it.† Alicia frowned. â€Å"I thought you were going to the coast for your anniversary?† â€Å"We were,† said Adrian, following my lead. â€Å"But then Taylor was thinking about Cottontail the other night, and we thought we should reconsider.† I had to give him credit for jumping in and going along with the story I was making up on the spot. Of course, you’d think he’d remember the name of the fake rabbit he had created. â€Å"Hopper,† I corrected. â€Å"Is the Bunny Suite still vacant?† he asked. â€Å"We can just take a quick peek in while you help her.† Alicia hesitated only a moment before handing over a key. â€Å"Sure. Let me know if you have any questions.† I took the key and headed toward the stairs with Adrian. Behind us, I could hear the woman asking if it’d be okay to set up a tent in the backyard and how many hot plates the inn could hold before it became a fire hazard. Once we were on the second floor and out of earshot, Adrian spoke. â€Å"Let me guess. You want to go prowl through the Velvet Suite.† I rewarded him with a grin, pleased that he’d guessed my plan. â€Å"Yup. Pretty good idea, huh? Hopefully Alicia will be distracted for a while.† â€Å"I could have just compelled her,† he reminded me. â€Å"You’re using too much spirit already.† I found the Velvet Suite and put the key in the lock, hoping Alicia had given us the master key and not one specifically for the Bunny Suite. When she had shown us around last time, she’d only used one key. A click told me we’d lucked out and wouldn’t have to use any metal-burning chemicals today. We’d seen the Velvet Suite during our last visit, and for the most part, it looked the same. Velvet bedding, velvet-covered furniture, and even velvet-textured wallpaper. Only, this time, the room wasn’t in the pristine and unoccupied state as before. Signs around the room showed recent use. The bed was unmade, and the scent of shampoo from the bathroom indicated a shower not too long ago. â€Å"Alicia might have been wrong about Veronica checking out,† said Adrian. He opened drawer after drawer and found nothing. In the closet, he discovered high-heeled shoes tucked into a corner and a belt on a hanger – things that might be easily missed with frantic packing. â€Å"Someone left here in a hurry.† My hopes plummeted. In accidentally revealing our â€Å"surprise,† Alicia had apparently scared Veronica into skipping out on the room. We found no sign that Veronica would actually return, and as Adrian had said, she seemed to have taken off quickly, based on the kinds of easy-to-forget things that were left behind: a razor in the shower, a bottle of perfume on the bathroom counter, and a stack of takeout menus on the nightstand. I sat on the bed and sifted through the menus, not really convinced they’d tell me much. Chinese, Indian, Mexican. Veronica had diverse tastes, at least. I reached the bottom of the stack and threw them on the ground. â€Å"She left,† I said. I couldn’t hide from the truth any longer. â€Å"That idiot Alicia tipped her off, and now we’ve lost her again.† Adrian sat down beside me, his face mirroring my dismay. â€Å"We’ll find her. We’ve slowed her down by hiding the others. Maybe it’ll buy us time until the next full moon so you can scry again.† â€Å"I hope so,† I said, though I wasn’t optimistic. He brushed aside the wig’s hair and turned my face toward him. â€Å"Everything’s going to be okay. She doesn’t know about you.† I knew he was right, but it was hollow comfort. I leaned my head against his shoulder, wishing I could fix everything. That was my job, right? â€Å"All that means is that someone else could suffer in my place. I don’t want that. I need to stop her once and for all.† â€Å"So brave.† He gave me a small smile. His fingertips slid down from my face, lightly stroking the line of my neck, down toward my shoulder. Everywhere he touched, a trail of goose bumps appeared. How did he keep doing this to me? Marcus – who made every girl in the world swoon – had zero effect on me. But one whisper of a touch from Adrian completely undid me. â€Å"You could give Castile a run for his money,† he added. â€Å"Stop that,† I warned. â€Å"Comparing you to Castile?† â€Å"That’s not what I’m talking about, and you know it.† His hands were too dangerous, as was being with him on a bed. Terrified I might be kissed again, I jerked away, and the sudden movement caught him by surprise. His fingers got tangled in my hair, as well as in my two necklaces, which resulted in him snapping both chains and nearly pulling off the brown wig. I quickly caught the garnet before it could fall off, but the cross slipped away. Thank God I’d kept the important one on. â€Å"No more kissing,† I warned. I refastened the charm and straightened the wig. â€Å"You mean no more kissing unless it’s a romantic place,† he reminded me. â€Å"Are you saying this place doesn’t scream romance?† He nodded around to our tacky velvet surroundings. He then picked up the small cross and held it in the air, growing thoughtful as he studied the way the light played off the gold surface. â€Å"You gave this to me once.† â€Å"And you gave it back.† â€Å"I was angry.† â€Å"And now?† He shrugged. â€Å"Now I’m just determined.† â€Å"Adrian.† I sighed. â€Å"Why do you keep doing this? The touching . . . the kissing . . . you know I don’t want it.† â€Å"You don’t act that way.† â€Å"Stop saying that. It’s obnoxious. Next you’ll be saying I’m ‘asking for it.'† Why did he have to be so infuriating? Okay . . . I hadn’t really sent a clear message back at the sorority. Or Pies and Stuff. But this time I’d done better. â€Å"I just pulled away. How much more direct do I have to be?† â€Å"It’s not your actions, exactly† he said. He still clutched the cross in his hand. â€Å"It’s your aura.† I groaned. â€Å"No, no, not that. I don’t want to hear about auras.† â€Å"But I’m serious.† He shifted over and stretched out on the bed, lying on his side. He patted the bed near him. â€Å"Lie down.† â€Å"Adrian – â€Å" â€Å"I won’t kiss you,† he said. â€Å"I promise.† â€Å"How stupid do you think I am?† I said. â€Å"I’m not falling for this.† He gave me a long, level look. â€Å"Do you really think I’d assault you or something?† â€Å"No,† I said quickly. â€Å"Of course not.† â€Å"Then humor me.† Warily, I lay down on my side as well, facing him with only a few powerful inches between us. An enraptured, slightly distracted look appeared in his eyes. He’d given himself over to spirit. â€Å"Do you know what I see in you now? The usual aura. A steady golden yellow, healthy and strong, with spikes of purple here and there. But when I do this. . . .† He rested a hand on my hip, and my whole body tensed up. That hand moved around my hip, slipping under my shirt to rest on the small of my back. My skin burned where he touched me, and the places that were untouched longed for that heat. â€Å"See?† he said. He was in the throes of spirit now, though with me at the same time. â€Å"Well, I guess you can’t. But when I touch you, your aura . . . it smolders. The colors deepen, it burns more intensely, the purple increases. Why? Why, Sydney?† He used that hand on me to pull me closer. â€Å"Why do you react that way if I don’t mean anything to you?† There was a desperation in his voice, and it was legitimate. It was hard for me to talk. â€Å"It’s instinct. Or something. You’re a Moroi. I’m an Alchemist. Of course I’d have a response. You think I’d be indifferent?† â€Å"Most Alchemist responses would involve disgust, revulsion, and holy water.† That was an excellent point. â€Å"Well . . . I’m a little more relaxed around Moroi than most Alchemists. Probably this is just some purely physical response driven by hormones and years of evolution. My body doesn’t know any better. I’m as susceptible to lust as anyone else.† There was probably a book about that or at least an article in Cosmopolitan. The hint of a smile played over his lips. He was fully in tune with me again. â€Å"No, you aren’t. I mean, you are, but not without reason. I know you well enough to realize that now. You’re not the kind of person who’s ‘susceptible to lust’ without some emotion to back it.† He moved his hand back to my hip, sliding it down my leg. I shuddered, and his face moved closer to mine. There was so much in his eyes, so much desire and longing. â€Å"See? There it is again. My flame in the dark.† â€Å"Don’t kiss me,† I whispered. It was the only defense I could muster. If he kissed me, I’d be lost. I closed my eyes. â€Å"You said you wouldn’t.† â€Å"I won’t.† His lips were only a breath away. â€Å"Unless you want me to.† I opened my eyes, ready to tell him no, that it didn’t matter what my aura allegedly said . . . this couldn’t keep happening. There was no emotion backing this desire, and I tried to cling to my earlier argument. I was so comfortable around Moroi now that clearly some primal part of me kept forgetting what he was. This was a base instinct. I was simply having a physical reaction to him, to his hands, to his lips, to his body. . . . He caught hold of my arm and rolled me over. I closed my eyes again and wrapped my arms around his neck. I felt his lips touch mine, not quite a kiss, just the barest brush of – The door opened, and I flinched. Alicia stepped inside, gasped, and put a hand up over her mouth to cover a shocked squeal. â€Å"O-oh,† she stammered. â€Å"I’m so sorry . . . I . . . I didn’t realize . . .† Adrian and I jerked away and sat up. My heart was ready to beat out of my chest, and I knew I was blushing. I quickly patted my wig and was relieved to feel it was still in place. He recovered his voice more quickly. â€Å"Sorry . . . we kind of got carried away. We started checking out the other rooms and decided to, uh, try them out.† Despite his sheepish words, there was a smug look on his face, the kind you’d expect from a guy who’d just made a conquest. Was it part of the act, or did he really think he’d gotten away with something? Alicia looked as uncomfortable as I felt. â€Å"I see. Well, this room’s occupied. It’s – † She frowned and did a double take. â€Å"It’s Veronica’s. It looks like she left.† I finally managed to speak. â€Å"That’s why we thought it was empty,† I said hastily. â€Å"There was nothing in here.† Alicia thankfully seemed to have forgotten about our compromising position. â€Å"That’s weird. She didn’t formally check out. I mean, she paid in advance in cash, but still. It’s so strange.† We made a hurried escape of our own after that, once again feeding Alicia lines about how we’d be in touch. Neither of us spoke much when we got in the car. I was lost in my own thoughts, which were equal parts frustration over Veronica and confusion over Adrian. I refused to acknowledge the latter, though, and opted for my usual tactic. The sooner that moment was forgotten, the better. I was pretty sure I could keep telling myself that. Some part of me – nearly as snarky as Adrian – suggested I pick up a book on denial the next time I was in the self-help section. â€Å"Another dead end,† I said once we were on the road. I texted Ms. Terwilliger: V’s gone. No need for action. Her response came a few minutes later: We’ll keep trying. I could practically feel her disappointment through the display on my phone. She wasn’t the only one. Adrian seemed particularly melancholy on the drive back. He responded whenever I spoke, but it was clear he was distracted. When he dropped me off at Amberwood later that night, I found everything mercifully quiet. No crises, no dangerous missions. It felt like it had been ages since I had a moment to myself, and I curled up on my bed, taking solace in the ordinary tasks of homework and reading. I fell asleep with my face on my calculus book. I experienced one of those nonsensical dreams that everyone has. In it, my family’s cat could talk, and he was driving Adrian’s Mustang. He asked me if I wanted to take a road trip to Birmingham. I told him I had a lot of homework to do but that if he wanted to go to Fargo, I’d consider it. We were in the middle of negotiating who’d pay for gas when the dream suddenly dissolved to blackness. A cold feeling swept over me, followed by a feeling of dread that rivaled the time Adrian and I had faced down Strigoi in his apartment. A woman’s laughter rolled around me, foul and sickening, like some sort of toxic smoke. A voice came out of the darkness, echoing in my mind. She’s kept you well hidden, but it can’t stay that way forever. You can’t conceal power like yours forever. I’ve caught your trail. I’ll find you. Hands suddenly reached out of the darkness for me, wrapping around my throat and cutting off my air. I screamed and woke up in my own bed, surrounded in books. I’d left the light on, and it chased some of the dream’s terror away. But only some. Sweat poured off me, making my shirt stick to me. I touched my neck, but there was nothing wrong with it. The garnet hung in place but not my cross. No need to fear a dream, I thought. It didn’t mean anything, and really, with everything going on lately, it was a wonder I didn’t have nightmares more often. But thinking back on it, I wasn’t so sure. There had been something so terrible and real about it, a horror that seemed to reach into my very soul. I didn’t want to sleep after that, so I made a cup of coffee and tried to read again. It worked for a while, but somewhere around four, my body couldn’t take it anymore. I fell asleep on my books again, but this time, my sleep stayed dream free. How to cite The Indigo Spell Chapter Fifteen, Essay examples

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Love medicine Essay Example For Students

Love medicine Essay Love MedicineLove Medicine is a novel about relationships. It is about families and lovers. It is about love as the tie that binds. The characters in the novel live throughout their lives experiencing different things with different people, but it all comes back to love as the force that brings them together. The story is set around a North Dakota Indian reservation over a span of fifty years. It is the story of two families who lives intertwine because of different bonds of both love and hate. You are introduced to the main character of the novel, Marie Lazzare Kashpaw, while she is still in her youth. As a young Indian, she goes to live at the Sacred Heart convent. She is taken under the wing of the twisted Sister Leopolda who beats and abuses Satan out of her soul. Yet, Marie puts up with her abusive treatment. Sister Leopolda explains her harshness to Marie as a difference between herself and the Devil. He wants you. Thats the difference. I give you love. Marie both does come to hate and love her. This nun made her as strong as she was. She gave her pride in herself; pride to prove to Leopolda that the Devil was not within her and that she could succeed even as the wife of an Indian. There are relationships in the novel that contained true love. Many of these relationships were not marriages, but they outlasted everything. Nector Kashpaw is possibly the most significant character in that sense in the novel. His love life ties the lives of the two main characters of the novel, Marie Kashpaw and Lulu Lamartine. In Nector’s youth he had promised to marry Lulu, but then found himself in the arms of Marie. He marries her instead and has children and a life with her. Lulu goes from man to man having children all with different paternal lineage. Yet it is Lulu that Nector really loves, and as much as she hates to admit it, it is Nector that still holds her heart. They have an affair together that continues for years until Nector is forced to choose between them. He loves Lulu, but is rejected by her and returns to Marie. Although he is still with Marie, his heart still belongs to Lulu. In the course of Nectors death and a joint business venture with Lyman Lamartine, the two women become close. They form a bond with each other through their mutual connection to Nector that is very surprising for they had been rivals throughout his lifetime. They are able to overcome their hatred for each other because of their love for Nectar. They are able to mourn together, reminisce together, even laugh together. It is love that causes their tie and a combining of the two families. The friendship and marriage of Gordie Kashpaw and June Kashpaw, who were playmates and cousins, is another relationship that depicts the strength of true love. In their youth the two were inseparable. They told each other everything. When they grew older they ran off to get married. They had a child together, but June was wild. She would go off for months to do as she pleased with whomever she pleased. Their marriage, when together, was not all smooth sailing either. Gordie was abusive. After her death, Gordie thought to himself, They we knew each other better than most people who were married a lifetime. They we knew the good things, but they we knew how to hurt each other, too. He claims to have missed her while she was gone, but was also relieved in her absence. Now that she was dead, he could not believe that she was never coming back. He is overcome by grief and love as he goes over their years together in his mind. His love for her is so strong that it drives him to drink to sh ut the memories out. He thinks that her ghost comes back to him and he thinks that he kills her. Junes death causes him to become delusional with grief and loss. It is in her death that he realizes his true love for her. .u713c26f7e0032208d4d022ac8c19109e , .u713c26f7e0032208d4d022ac8c19109e .postImageUrl , .u713c26f7e0032208d4d022ac8c19109e .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u713c26f7e0032208d4d022ac8c19109e , .u713c26f7e0032208d4d022ac8c19109e:hover , .u713c26f7e0032208d4d022ac8c19109e:visited , .u713c26f7e0032208d4d022ac8c19109e:active { border:0!important; } .u713c26f7e0032208d4d022ac8c19109e .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u713c26f7e0032208d4d022ac8c19109e { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u713c26f7e0032208d4d022ac8c19109e:active , .u713c26f7e0032208d4d022ac8c19109e:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u713c26f7e0032208d4d022ac8c19109e .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u713c26f7e0032208d4d022ac8c19109e .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u713c26f7e0032208d4d022ac8c19109e .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u713c26f7e0032208d4d022ac8c19109e .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u713c26f7e0032208d4d022ac8c19109e:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u713c26f7e0032208d4d022ac8c19109e .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u713c26f7e0032208d4d022ac8c19109e .u713c26f7e0032208d4d022ac8c19109e-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u713c26f7e0032208d4d022ac8c19109e:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Business Law EssayThere is a strong belief in the fate of the dead. There are few characters in the novel who come back to visit the living, but those who do are the ones who were truly loved by those they visit. Nector returns to visit Marie to show her that he really did love her once and that the love medicine did work. Lulu feels Nectors presence in the night. Gordie sees June and goes wild thinking that she has finally now come back to him. It is those who are truly loved who are missed the most. When taken from a side interpretation, the spirits who return truly loved who they returned to. They come back to say, I loved you.The novel is freckled with many other relat ionships involving the characters of the novel. Erdrich uses these meaningless relationships to contrast them with the great relationships of true love. The novel describes Junes one night stands while describing the eternal love of those who were left behind in her death have for her. While Lulu goes through multiple husbands and several partners in between her heart is loyal to Nector. This contrasting works well. The language that Erdrich chooses to describe the other relationships is cold. When describing love the tone is warm. It is this way that the she points out the difference between these two different types of relationships. It is through the character of Lipsha Morrissey that the reader learns the true meaning of the title, Love Medicine. Lipsha is slow intellectually and therefor acts primarily from his heart. It is he who really has the insight into what is meaningful in life. He calls himself a healer and claims to be able to remove the pains of others. This is what makes him special. He sees the heartache of his grandmother, Marie Kashpaw, at the fact that her husband Nector is in love with another woman. He knows of the ancient magical powers of love medicine and attempts to rekindle the flame of passion between his two grandparents. He fails in acquiring the necessary ingredients for his potion and substitutes common grocery store items for the ancient recipe. Lipsha comes upon an idea that can be seen as the nature of the novel. He says, I finally convinced myself that the actual power to the love medicine was not the goose heart itself but the faith in the cure. This could not possibly be truer. All of the feelings of love in the novel pull those involved together. In the end it is the pure and true love that overcomes all other obstacles and brings the people back to each other.